What Lessons have been learned during the past year

I would like to offer you my year end thoughts.

First, know that sun rises every single day even after the darkest night. Decide to be there to watch the sunrise.

Second, remember that the creator is benevolent. Look to this day for all the gifts brought to you that are seldom acknowledged. An exquisite flower, a crisp breeze, a star twinkling in the midnight blue sky , the scent of a pine tree, a purring senior cat, a bornfire to gather around, fresh sheets and pillow cases , water to refresh, and the ability to look and appreciate the all the extraordinary beauty the world has to offer.

Third, be in the moment, stay in the moment , moment by moment, the present is all we have. Longing for the past and worrying about the future are fruitless endeavours.

Fourth, cherish hellos and goodbyes . Neither is long enough, so make the most of each one.

Fifth, welcome change even if it is an uninvited guest. Know that you could be entertaining “Angels” unaware . Change is the one constant. Make friends with it. Sixth, embrace the real you. There is no one else like you in the universe. You are truly one of a kind and put here for a higher purpose.

Seventh, learn to love the mundane task . By polishing your skills through repetition, it will shine you with a 🌟 stars.

Eight, allow others to speak and you simply listen. This is good exercise in self control and personal development .

Ninth, Accept the inevitable because it always is.

Tenth, express gratitude daily for the acquaintance, friends, and loved ones the universe has gifted you with in your life . These are your true priceless treasures.

Eleventh, memories the following statement . ” Lett nothing disturbing you . Let nothing frightening you . All things are changing. God alone is changeless . Patients attaining the good”.

And a good thought to follow every day.

I shall pass through this world but once, any good therefore, that I can do, or any kindness that I can show to any human being , let me do it now. Let me not deter or neglect it , for I shall not pass this way again.

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Letters are running from my hands

At school as a teacher l had to heal few children those are struggling with letters, still I remember that, some teachers called them lazy and blamed them left handed, forefathers found it was a sin because left handed child got a poor memory.

I remember becoming frustrated at school , the child has a lot of ideas in his mind, but he couldn’t explained that to his teachers and classmates. He was dreaming a lots In the class room , while teaching subjects by teachers. While teachers asked questions to him , he was blinking to the words in his hands , class mates rediculed and teacher shouted at him, and the boy frustrated with this incident and run away from the classroom.

Some how catched him by school driver’s help , and I have got in my hands . I took him to my cabin and discussed with him, and i thought he wants individual attention for his study

I decided to have a meeting with a support expertise from my school’s learning support department . We discussed about his learning difficulties . After being referred , they have concluded , it was a learning disability means “Dyslexia”

The result found that he had a common traits of Dyslexia. From then alloted an extra time for his studies. I suggested every subject teachers to help and give a copy of notes, so that he could go over them in his hands on his own time.

Despite his struggle with words, some how he managed to get pass marks.

As a teacher, who have to fill out numerous amounts of forms and read a large amount of documents. I am proud of that I will add something extra by myself for the result that I have helped these students, where my service shines through .

DYSLEXIA

Functional MRI shows under activation in areas where they are weaker and over activation in other areas to compensate. Thus there is a failure of the left hemisphere rear brain systems to function properly during reading. There is also greater activation in the lower frondal areas of the brain. This leads to conclusion that neutral systems in frontal regions may compensate for the distruption in the posterior area.

Functional MRI in individuals have shown three areas of left hemisphere to be active while reading.

1. Broca’s area and inferior frontal gyrus

2 . Parieto – temporal area

3 . Occipito – temporal area

The Broca’ s area and inferior frontal gyrus is responsible for a relatively slow process of articulation and word formation.

The parieto-temporal area is responsible for word analysis: It is believed to analyse a word, pull it apart and link its orthography ( letters) to sound.

The occipito temporal area is the express pathway to reading open to the skilled reader. This area reacts almost instantly to all the word as a pattern identifying the word by sight . It helps in identifying written word .

There are thus three neutral pathways for reading, two slower analytical one’s, that are mainly used by the beginning readers and express route, the occipito temporal, relied on by experienced skilled readers.

DYSLEXIA

The term’dyslexia’ was introduced in 1884 by the German ophthalmologists R Berlin. He coint it from Greek words’dys’ meaning ill or difficult and ‘lexis’meaning word. The problem was first described in 1896 by Dr. W Pringle, Morgan in England. He wrote about a bright and intelligent boy quick at games and no way inferior to others of his age. His great difficulty has been and now his ability to learn to read.

According to Medilexicons medical dictionary , dyslexia is impaired reading ability with a competence level below that expected on the basis of the person ‘s level of intelligence and the presence of normal vision , letter recognition and meaning of the pictures and object.
Dyslexia reflects a problem within the language system in the brain ( Syawiz 2003). There appear to be a ‘glitch ‘
In the neural wiring when it first lay down during the embryonic development, but this miswiring is confined to the specific neural system used for reading. Neurons are found in unusual places in the brain, and they are not neatly ordered as in non- Dyslexic brains.
        In addition to unique brain architecture and usual wiring, functional studies of MRI have shown that persons with dislexia do not use the same part of the brain when reading as other person . Regular readers consistently use their same part of the brain when they read. Persons with dislexia do not use that part of the brain, and there appears to be no consistent part used among Dyslexic readers or the most efficient part of their brain is not used.

In dyslexia, the eyes and ears are working properly but the lower center of the brain scramble the images or sounds before they reach higher (more intelligent) centers of the brain. These causes confusion as well as frustration for the learner.

Carl Jung

Dyslexia is a word reading problem due to differences in the brain that makes learning letter sounds difficult. Without adequate Letter sound knowledge, recognising words in print is slow and inaccurate . Thus dyslexia is a difference in the parts of the brain, Which process language . It is known that the brains of Dyslexic are wired differently than normal human brain, and thus process language less efficiently.

Incidence of Dyslexia is equal in sexes. Boys are more likely to act out as a result of having a reading difficultly. But girls are more likely to try to hide their difficulty becoming quiet and reserved. There boys are 1 1/2-3 times more likely come up with Dyslexia than girls.

Structural differences in brain of Dyslexics

The brain is made up of two types of materials, Gray matter and white matter. Gray matter is what we See when we look at brain and is mostly composed of nerve cells. Its primary function is processing information . White matter is found within the parts of the brain, is composed of connective fibers covered in myelin, the coating disingned to facilitate communication between nerves cells. White matter is primarily responsible for information transfer around the brain.

Booth and Burman (2001) found that persons with Dyslexia have less gray matter in the left parieto-temporal area than non Dyslexic individuals. This could lead to problems processing the sound structure of language (phonological awareness)

Many people with Dyslexia also have less white matter in this same area than average readers. This could lessen the ability or efficiency of the regions of the brain to communicate with one another.