Conduct disorder is characterized by a persistent and significant pattern of conduct,in which the basic rights of others are violated or rules of society are not followed.
The diagnosis is only made when the conduct is far in excess of the routine mischief of children. The onset occurs much before 18 years of age,
The disorder is much more about 5- 10 times common in males. Every countries about 10% of male children under the age of 18 have conduct disorder.
According to the ICD-10, there are 4 subtypes of conduct disorder.
1. Conduct disorder confined to the family context.
2. Unsocialised conduct disorder.
3. Socialised conduct disorder.
4. Oppositional defiant disorder.
5. Stealing or robbery.
6. Running away from home and school.
7. Frequent lying habit.
8. Physical violence such as Rape , 🔥 setting, assault or breaking rules or using weapons.
9. Cruelty towards other people and animals.
Nowadays more common socialised types of conduct disorder (individual or group), the person claims loyality to his or her group.
The unsocialised type is a more serious disorder ( solitary) with usually a severe underlying psychopathology. Earlier the patients with conduct disorder were called as juvenile delinquents.
Many patients of conduct disorder, especially socialised ( group) type go on to improve markedly and may lead well adjusted lives. Some people are, especially those with severe symptomatology, have a more chronic course and may be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder after 18 years of age.
In addition to the typical symptoms of conduct disorder, secondary complications often develop such as suntans misuse or dependence, unwanted pregnancies,criminal record suicidal and homicidal behaviour.
The treatment of conduct disorder is usually difficult. The most frequent management is placement in a corrective institution, often after the child has had legal difficulties. Behavioural, educational and psychotherapeutic measure are usually employed for the behavioural modification.