Definition of intelligence
Define intelligence:- is the aggregate or global capacity of an individual, to act purposefully, to think rationally, to deal effectively with his environment .
Intelligence classified in three categories
1. Abstract intelligence :- It is the ability to understand words, numbers and letters and to use them effectively abstract intelligence is required in ordinary academic subjects in schools such as reading, writing a solving academic problems.
Binet Kamath test of intelligence
Modified version of Stanford. Binet scale measuring intelligence of Indian children
It is an age scale where in the test are grouped into age levels extending from 3years to superior adult level ( 3years 22 years)
Each age level consist of six test
There is no test for ages 11 years to 21years
Piaget’ s theory: intelligence is an adaptive process that involves an interplay of biological maturaion and interaction with the environment . He views intellectual development as an evolution of cognitive processes such as understanding he laws of nature the principles of grammar and mathematical rules.
2 . Determinants of intelligence.
Heredity and environments Twin studies: identical twins/ fraternal twins
Environmental studies: environmental deprivation and environmental enrichment, cultural variation
Heredity places limits on one’s intellectual potential and environments determine where one falls within these limits.
3. Concrete intelligence. It an ability to understand and deal with things, as in skilled trades or scientific appliances this is also known as mechanical or motor intelligence.
Social intelligence is revealed when a person is able to establish social relations in conformity with his social and cultural norms.